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It’s Travel Photography Month here on Too Many Adapters – all photography all the time for the entire month of August! With tips and tricks, gear reviews and great advice from some amazing travel photographers, this is the place to be if you want to take better shots of the world you’re travelling through.
So you have a smartphone and you think you can take incredible photos with it because it is just so smart, fancy and has so many megapixels?
The best smartphone on the market will still produce photos that truly suck if you are lazy. Meaning, if you’re only pointing the phone towards your subject and pressing the “shutter” button without any other thought or effort put into the capture of an image – you, and not the smartphone, suck.
Smartphones have evolved to replace all kinds of technology we once carried around with us – portable DVD players, GPS navigators, translation devices and music players, as well as our cameras.
With phones like the Nokia Lumia 1020 pushing camera technology in smartphones further and further, it’s going to seem easier than ever to let your smartphone do all the work.
Don’t let it. The old rules of photography still apply – and will always apply – to any camera you use. So, what are these rules? And how can you stop sucking at photo capturing on the go?
Before I talk about rules, there has to be a Golden Rule. It’s summed up best like this: Nothing I write will matter if you, the user and person carrying around a smartphone, do not want to take better photographs. Results only occur with effort.
Start by checking out the piece Dustin already wrote about why you should be doing more than just applying filters to your images. Although he seems to forget that not all smartphones are created equal, the principles he puts forward apply no matter what’s in your hand.
For instance, if you have an iPhone, white balance is controllable within apps and the best ones allow you to lock in this setting before you even take a picture. Check out 645 PRO Mk II – as long as you ignore the cumbersome name, you will find it is a full-featured app that copies almost all of the most important manual controls for photographers including white balance control.
Forget the word smart in your phone’s name – I assure you that when it comes to knowing what to focus on, your sophisticated calling device with a camera in it is thicker than a box of bricks. You need to tell it what to focus on. Doing this, as well as telling it how to expose, will instantly help improve the quality of the images you take from “Seriously? WTF!” to “Now you’re talking.”
Misho Baranovic, one of the most talented photographers to use smartphone technology in the world, says in his article 50 Things I Have Learned about Mobile Photography (and iPhone Photography): “The best camera is the one you know how to use. Learn to control your focus and exposure.”
Apps like ProCamera, VSCOcam and Camera+ all have these settings built in, and all smart phones that I have tested have, at the least, focusing control built in to the native camera. So, how do you beat your smartphone into focusing submission?
It’s at this point that I usually hold up my finger in a classroom setting and say, “Your finger is your best friend.” Depending on the audience, this sometimes elicits a few snickers and half laughs. But seriously, your finger is your best friend.
It is what I use to touch on the screen of my iPhone so that it knows: 1) where to focus, and 2) what to expose for. It’s the little trick that you should master if, for some strange reason, nothing else Dustin or I tell you sinks in.
Where do you go from mastering focus and exposure? Let’s not get hasty – just because you now know how to focus and set exposure does not mean you’ve mastered anything. But, for the sake of this article, let’s also talk about composition.
Most smartphones have, built-in to either their native camera or most of their apps that can take photographs, a setting called “grid” or “lines.” Whatever the name, this setting places lines over your image in a grid formation that represents the old photography ‘Rule of Thirds’.
If you compose your shot before pressing the shutter button to include your primary subject either at the intersection of two lines or in the outer quadrants of those gridlines (anywhere but right in the middle) you will automatically be creating a photograph that is more pleasing to the human eye than any which does not follow this rule.
Once you’ve followed this rule for a while, then you can go about learning when to break it.
The next thing you should do, is erase from your phone any app that allows you to apply filters and obnoxious effects like extreme color and heavy vignettes. You can always reinstall them if you really want to. Why should you do this?
Because, and I know you are going to be shocked by this, photography is not the application of filters. Good photographs are not good because of their effects. Great photos are never ever great because of the filters applied to them.
This is like the mastery of the Rule of Thirds — you shouldn’t be using a filter until you know how to capture a photograph that needs no post-processing. Filters and effects can be used to imbue more fun into the creation of an image but they can’t ever make a bad photograph good. If you’re relying on apps, you’re doing it wrong.
A possible “exception” to this rule might occur in the case of apps that allow you to convert a color photograph into a black and white image. Photographers like Ansel Adams and Dorothea Lange knew what they were doing when they built their careers on colorless-photographs.
Sometimes the absence of color is the very thing that adds all of the emotion and story into a photograph without detracting anything from a subject. Play around with toning and find the apps that allow you the most control – the ones that go beyond applying a filter to allow you to also control contrast, highlights and exposure.
Do not use selective color apps. Do not share a photograph that’s partially black and white with some color. Do not let me find ColorBlast! or Color Splurge on your phone. If I need to explain why, you need far more than this one post to suck less at photography.
Use HDR sparingly, it’s not a toy. It’s like filters, the golden rule here is: I shouldn’t be able to tell it’s “an HDR image.”
On another note, every day I notice brands and individuals are uploading images that are so pixelated, the subject is somewhat of a mystery. This is particularly obvious on Instagram, but it happens everywhere. Just because digital images are easy to share and upload doesn’t mean they all need to go everywhere online.
Be picky with the pictures you share and if you don’t have a high enough resolution image, don’t share it. It is always better not to share than to share a pixelated or poorly edited photograph.
Turn off the “auto flash” setting on your smartphone. The flash should only be going off when you tell it to, and hardly even then (although this is where Dustin and I differ.) Smartphone flash technology has not yet evolved far enough to do much more than mess up a photograph. Play around with it until you know when it can better your image and never use it unless it will.
Don’t be square! Remember that you can shoot and share images in almost any aspect ratio with a smartphone. This is digital, shocking I know, but that means you have almost endless possibilities and the option to change and crop at will. Pay attention to your subject and capture an image in a format that BEST represents your subject.
If you’re photographing the Grand Canyon with an iPhone 4S or 5, you should think about using the built-in panorama feature. If you are photographing a group of five people, don’t try and fit them into a vertical crop – turn your smartphone and take a photograph horizontally.
Use square images when you are uploading to Instagram, and if you just can’t crop that beloved photo that you are sure will merit you 100+ likes, at least please PLEASE download and use Squareready (iPhone) or SquareIt (Android) to replace Instagram’s black bars with white ones.
It is much more aesthetically pleasing and will instantly make you look as if you know more than you probably do about photography in general.
Let’s wrap this up by having a moment where we talk about proper subjects. Whenever I check Twitter, Facebook and Instagram these days I notice the majority of the images that I am forced to look at could be labelled as ‘selfies’ and I’m sick and tired of it.
I like you, I do, but just because that smartphone you have fits in your pocket, is easily accessible and has this cool front-facing camera which makes it really convenient to take a photograph of yourself does NOT mean that’s ALL you should use it for.
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I know it’s easier to do with a smartphone than it was with a dSLR or point-and-shoot but here is where easier does not make it right. Forget the 365 Project where you capture a photo of yourself every day, and share it with the world — unless you have a really compelling reason to participate, like raising money for a charity — and show me the world around you instead.
Be a storyteller with your smartphone, not a narcissist. Social media will thank you. You’ll find your friends you thought you’d lost returning to you. You might even get a Nobel Peace Prize. Well, that last one is probably not true.
But if you don’t understand me, then you’re probably most guilty of my main point: don’t allow sophisticated technology to make you lazy. Use it to be MORE creative, not less. Suck LESS and at the very least you’ll never have to endure another blog post or conference talk from me ever again!
If for some reason you still need help, or you want to yell at me for how wrong I am with regards to any of this advice, email me: kirsten [at] kirstenalana [dot] com. I can’t promise we’ll always agree but I do love to help people and I’m always available for private lessons and speaking engagements on mobile photography.